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Religion and Secularism in the Middle East: A Primer

Aaron Rock-Singer ·

Religion was a pillar of pre-modern political identity in the Middle East, arising out of Muslims’ understanding of Islam’s foundational moment and state institutions that developed with the spread of Islamic Empire. Beginning at the turn of the 19th century, European colonial powers and indigenous reformers questioned the centrality of religious identity; instead, it was to be the nation that...

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Egyptian Flag 1922-1953

Security Cooperation: A Key Pillar of Defense Policy

Derek S. Reveron ·

Foreign policy of the 2010s was supposed to be different: there would be no great power tensions, the governments of Iraq and Afghanistan would be strong enough to confront their own security challengers, and the US could pivot away from Middle East turmoil to do nation building at home. Yet the United States has confronted a very different world. Russia invaded Ukraine and annexed parts of...

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USS John F. Kennedy

Religious Minorities in the Modern Middle East

Lev Weitz ·

The majority of the Middle East’s population today is Muslim, as it has been for centuries. However, as the place of origin of a range of world religions – including Judaism, Christianity, Zoroastrianism, and many lesser-known faiths – it remains a region of remarkable religious diversity. This article considers the place of religious minorities in the modern Middle East from three angles:...

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The Currency of Power: Economics & Security in U.S. Foreign Policy

Robert Zoellick ·

It’s an honor to be with you. I have great respect for the contributions of FPRI and have been the beneficiary of its scholarship and publications over many years. I recall fondly my government service with the late Harvey Sicherman, who went on to ably lead FPRI for many years, and I am pleased that Alan Luxenberg has assumed the helm of this valuable institution. Thanks to all of you for...

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World Currency