Why Does America Go To War?
Date : Sat., March 25, 2017 to Sun., March 26, 2017 Category : Butcher History Institute
Sponsored by Carthage College, Center for the Study of America and the West, The Cantigny First Division Foundation
The decision to go to war is the most momentous any leader, any nation, can make. For the United States, the process of declaring war, enshrined in the constitution, has always been a source of domestic political dispute as well as geopolitical interest, as every conflict raised anew the fundamental question of whether and how the United States should deal with the wider world. Presidents and Congresses have not always agreed on the nature of the threat and the proper response. Often, the decision formally to declare war came only after a buildup of pressure that broke domestic partisan resistance. Since 1942, questions of war and peace have become even more complicated, as Presidents have used their executive authority to commit American troops to fighting without presenting Congress with a formal vote to declare war.
Why has the United States gone to war? What were the casus belli? Who advocated for war and who resisted—and why did they do so? Who decided and why? What were the strategic/military considerations? How did each experience with going to war shape the discussion of subsequent conflicts?
These vital questions will guide the discussion at our next History Institute for Teachers.
Application deadline: January 30, 2017
For a compilation of essays drawn from previous history weekends, be sure to see: American Military History: A Resource for Teachers and Students, edited by Paul Herbert and Michael Noonan (FPRI and First Division Museum, 2013).
Topics and Speakers
Thinking About War
Research Fellow - Hoover Institute
The War of 1812
Professor of Comparative Military History - Air Command and Staff College
Senior Fellow - Center for the Study of America and the West
The Mexican-American War (1846-48)
Alloy-Ansin Professor of International Relations - University of Pennsylvania
Co-Chair - Butcher History Institute
The Spanish-American War (1898)
Senior Lecturer - Cornell University
World War II (1941-1945)
Professor of History - Georgia Southern University
The Korean War (1950-53)
Lauder Professor of International Relations - University of Pennsylvania
Senior Fellow - FPRI
The Vietnam War (1964-1973)
Associate Professor - The University of Southern Mississippi
The Persian Gulf War (1990-91)
Henry A. Kissinger Distinguished Professor of Global Affairs - Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies
Senior Fellow - Program on National Security
WHAT PARTICIPANTS RECEIVE Forty participants will be selected to receive:
- complimentary overnight accommodations for those outside of the Chicago vicinity (Friday and Saturday nights, as needed);
- complimentary lunch and dinner on Saturday, plus continental breakfast on Saturday and Sunday
- assistance in designing curriculum and special projects based on the History Institute;
- stipends of $200 for well-developed lesson plans for posting on our website that effectively utilize the experience of the weekend conference, or documentation of in-service presentations based on the weekend;
- partial travel reimbursements (up to $250) for participants outside the vicinity of the conference center;
- subscription to E-Notes, FPRI’s weekly bulletin; and Footnotes, FPRI’s bulletin for high school teachers.
- a certificate of participation in a program offering 12 hours of instruction. In addition, for those interested, college credit is available for a small fee through our cooperating institution, Carthage College in Kenosha, Wisconsin.
- Videotapes of the entire conference will be posted subsequently on our website, plus texts of selected lectures.
TO APPLY Please email to [email protected] a resume, a one-paragraph statement describing your relevant teaching or other professional experience, and a brief statement of how your students or school district will benefit from your participation. NOTE: At the time of application, you are asked to make a commitment either to prepare a curriculum unit based on the weekend or to do in-service activities based on the weekend (in exchange for a stipend). Schools with a school membership in FPRI’s Wachman Center are guaranteed one place at one History Institute weekend per year. For information about school membership, contact: [email protected]. For information about future and previous programs, click here.
Application deadline: January 30, 2017