More than a decade after the 9/11 attacks the world remains a complicated and dangerous place. The crises in Syria and Iraq and Ukraine are clearly destabilizing and China’s actions in the South and East China Seas have potentially deleterious consequences for Asian regional security. The United States faces dynamic threats from non-state threats (e.g., terrorism, cyber threats, pandemics, etc.) as well as the reassertion of a more competitive international state system. While such matters may not pose as severe a threat as what the Cold War posed, today’s complexities are compounded because of domestic political differences in the U.S. that question what should, or should not, be the Nation’s role in international security and the resources that should, or should not, be allocated to deal with these problems.
The FPRI’s Program on National Security seeks to help illuminate and address these issues and trends by examining contemporary and emergent concerns for American and international security through a wide aperture by bringing expertise to bear in publications, media appearances, and briefings. The Institute’s location in Philadelphia outside of the shorter attention span of Washington policy debates allows the Program to look at current and emergent problems with a longer-range view. In particular the program focuses on:
• American grand strategy
• The current and future global geopolitical environment that affect the U.S. and its interests
• The ends (strategies), ways (organization and methods of force employment), and means (force structures and capabilities) that impact the use of military force
• Counterterrorism and homeland security
• Development, diplomacy, and informational issues that contribute to the holistic implementation of strategy.
Building on several conferences convened by FPRI’s Defense Task Force starting in 1996, which culminated in the publication of a book in 2002 entitled America the Vulnerable: Our Military Problems and How to Fix Them, FPRI’s Program on National Security is designed to address the issues raised above through a focus on research, publication, and education.
Research. The program holds annual conferences that have resulted in major policy prescriptive reports. Conferences thus far have dealt with the role of the reserves and National Guard in the 21st Century; the American military strategy and force structure writ large; civil-military relations in the U.S. after the Iraq War; national security challenges for the Obama Administration; and “The Foreign Fighter Problem.” Other research projects have dealt with American and British approaches to stability operations and Afghan police reform.
Publication. In addition to the reports mentioned above, program materials are published as E-Books, FPRI E-Notes (distributed to over 25,000 individuals in over 85 countries), and through other publication outlets (journals, newspapers, etc.).
Education. The program contributes to FPRI’s education program through the hosting of occasional lectures and by offering internship opportunities to college students. Additionally, the program has developed History Institutes for secondary school educators on the teaching of American and world military history, held at the First Division Museum at Cantigny in Wheaton, Illinois. Future such events are being planned. (You can see more about the previous teaching military history institutes www.fpri.org/education/militaryhistory.)