E-Notes

FPRI’s E-Notes are policy-oriented articles covering current developments around the globe that impinge upon American foreign policy and national security priorities.  Through Email, and Social Media, they are circulated to more than 250,000 individuals in virtually every country around the world, and reach thousands more on our website.  

Prior to 2005, E-Notes were known as FPRI Wires.  For a list of all available FPRI Wires, please click here.

Shifting Poles in the Middle East: Implications for U.S. Regional Strategy

The Arab uprisings and subsequent civil wars sweeping the region beginning in late 2010 have fundamentally shifted the internal regional balance of power in ways that U.S. policy has yet to account for. Pro-Western autocrats in Egypt, Tunisia, and...

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FISA Renewal Controversy: The Suddenly Very Conspicuous Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act

For quite some time now, it has been virtually impossible not to hear or read something about the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA), its use by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to secure orders from the Foreign Intelligence...

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Resist and Reward: Vietnam’s Naval Expansion

Without a doubt, the Southeast Asian country most willing to challenge Chinese claims in the South China Sea has been Vietnam. Its government and people have long resisted China. Vietnam famously fought its most recent war against China in...

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In the Wake of Withdrawal: The Future U.S. Military Presence in Syria

For well over a year, American strategy in Syria has resembled that of a poker player with a weak hand who refuses to bet, refuses to fold, and insists on staying in the game despite the looming stakes of...

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How Will the United States Respond to Turkey’s Invasion of Syria?

In the aftermath of Turkey's invasion of northern Syria on October 4, 2019, leaders from both U.S. political parties have suggested responding with economic and financial sanctions. The threat of economic and financial sanctions to deter, coerce, or punish...

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Operation “Peace Spring” and U.S. Strategy in Syria

On October 4, President Erdogan of the Republic of Turkey announced a major Turkish military incursion into northeast Syria. In Erdogan’s words, his goal is to “neutralize terror threats against Turkey and lead to the establishment of a safe...

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Mackinder’s Nightmare: Part Two

The United States has never faced a great power competitor with the range of economic capabilities now possessed by the People’s Republic of China. Americans need to come to grips with the fact that they could actually lose this...

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‘Pyongyang Coin’ and the Future of U.S. Sanctions on North Korea

On September 13, the United States Department of Treasury announced a new round of sanctions on the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, this time specifically targeting three state-sponsored hacking organizations: Bluenoroff, Andariel, and, most infamous, Lazarus Group. Five days...

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Mackinder’s Nightmare: Part One

The stunning growth in the capabilities of the People’s Republic of China during the past 30 years has created a severe geopolitical challenge for the United States and its allies. The U.S. faces a near-peer competitor with the potential...

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Coal Mines, Land Mines and Nuclear Bombs: The Environmental Cost of the War in Eastern Ukraine

The war in eastern Ukraine has raged for five years, killed over 13,000 people, and displaced millions. It has affected Ukraine’s political system, economy, society, and security situation. It has caused a rupture in relations between Russia and the...

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