The Provocative Power of the Papacy

A History of the Popes, 1830–1914. By Owen Chadwick. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998).

Hitler’s Pope: The Secret History of Pius XII. By John Cornwell. (New York: Viking, 1999).

Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085. By H. E. J. Cowdrey. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998).

Saints and Sinners: A History of the Popes. By Eamon Duffy. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1997).

Witness to Hope: The Biography of John Paul II. By George Weigel. (New York: Cliff Street Books/HarperCollins, 1999).

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