It has been noted by many, including Morton Abramowitz, former president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, that neither President Bush nor Secretary of State Colin Powell has made any comprehensive statement on foreign policy. Abramowitz maintains that the Bush-Powell policy is unclear not only on issues related to China, North Korea, and Europe, but also on some matters of principle, such as peacekeeping, global warming, and racism. Bush’s policy toward Latin America may be the exception. In the early months of his presidency, Bush hailed the dawn of a new “century of the Americas” that would spread the blessings of liberty and economic growth to all corners of the hemisphere. In fact, he “does more than ‘care’—he cares enough to insist on action,” according to Roger F. Noriega, the Permanent Representative of the United States to the Organization of American States (OAS).