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A nation must think before it acts.
The success of the Peruvian armed forces in combating terrorism in eastern Peru’s Ucayali River Valley offers excellent insights into the type of effort required to defeat drug-financed insurgencies. During the early and middle 1990s, the Peruvian marines adopted a comprehensive counterinsurgency strategy in the Ucayali and played a key role in the country’s war against two leftist insurgent groups, both of which engaged in terrorism. The government established an effective framework for civil-military cooperation that earned the support of the Ucayali population. It waged an aggressive intelligence campaign, mobilizing rural communities to participate in government-sponsored, self-defense militias and greatly restricting the illegal narcotics trade.