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A nation must think before it acts.
India confronts the conflicting imperatives of Indian domestic politics and its strategic interests when dealing with Iran. As India’s global profile has risen in recent years and its ties with the United States have strengthened, this conflict has come into sharper relief. India’s traditionally close ties with Iran have become a major factor influencing how certain sections of U.S. policymakers evaluate a U.S.-India partnership. India has tried to balance carefully its relations with Iran and the United States; however, due to intense American pressure, especially after the signing of the U.S.-India civilian nuclear energy cooperation pact, India has moved closer to the United States concerning the Iranian nuclear program. But strong domestic constraints remain that will prevent India from completely abandoning its ties with Iran, even as a re-evaluation of India-Iran bilateral ties is long overdue.