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A nation must think before it acts.
This article assesses the strengths and weaknesses of NATO’s Enhanced Forward Presence (EFP) initiatives. While the EFP initiative represents a significant step forward in terms of NATO’s deterrent posture, it suffers from many of the same challenges that other NATO operations have confronted in recent years. More broadly, this essay contends that the EFP initiative may not be the right tool for the most likely security issues facing Allies in northeastern Europe. The author concludes by making the case for a nuanced refinement that furthers security for all member states.