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A nation must think before it acts.
Since the end of the Cold War, several geopolitical developments in Asia have changed the way India and Pakistan—the two main South Asian states—interact with other major powers. With the rise of an assertive China, growing extremism and terrorism in the larger subcontinent, and a stronger India, the United States and Russia have altered the way in which they engage and cooperate with India and Pakistan. This article examines South Asia’s changing geopolitical landscape, underlining the factors and variables that have contributed to this evolution.