This article details the theory of the People’s Republic of China’s economic statecraft and social penetration. It also uses China’s strategy toward the Republic of China (Taiwan) during General Secretary Xi Jinping’s era as empirical evidence to illustrate the effectiveness of China’s socio-economic statecraft in a globalized world. China considers the reunification of Taiwan as a crucial step for national rejuvenation. And Taiwan has become the main target for China to practice a variety of socio-economic instruments. Therefore, China’s manipulation of Taiwan serves as a crucial case for understanding China’s global ambition and strategy.