Henry E. Hale

Henry E. Hale is a research associate at the Strengthening Democratic Institutions Project at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a visiting professor in the Faculty of Political Science and Sociology at the European University at St. Petersburg, Russia. The author gratefully acknowledges the support of the Program on New Approaches to Russian Security, funded by the Program on Preventing Deadly Con&t of the Carnegie Corporation of New York, and the Davis Center for Russian Studies at Harvard. The views expressed here are the author’s alone.