James Alexander “Sandy” Winnefeld, Jr.

James Alexander “Sandy” Winnefeld, Jr. is a retired United States Navy admiral, who served as the ninth Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from August 2011 to July 2015. He previously served as the fourth Commander, U.S. Northern Command (USNORTHCOM) and the 21st Commander, North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD). Prior to that, Winnefeld served as Director for Strategic Plans and Policy, The Joint Staff, which he concurrently served as the Senior Member, U.S. Delegation to the U.N. Military Staff Committee.