Maj. Gen. Robert Scales
Dr. Robert Scales served over thirty years in the Army, retiring as a Major General. He commanded two units in Vietnam, winning the Silver Star for action during the battles around Dong Ap Bia (Hamburger Hill) during the summer of 1969. Subsequently, he served in command and staff positions in the United States, Germany, and Korea and ended his military career as Commandant of the United States Army War College. In 1995 he created the Army After Next Program, which was the Army’s first attempt to build a strategic game and operational concept for future land warfare. He has written and lectured on warfare and military history to academic, government, military, and business groups all over the world. He is the author of two books on military history: Certain Victory, the official account of the Army in the Gulf War and Firepower in Limited War, a history of the evolution of firepower doctrine since the end of the Korean War. In addition he is an authority on contemporary and future warfare. He has written three books on the theory of warfare: Future Warfare, a strategic anthology on America’s wars to come, Yellow Smoke: the Future of Land Warfare for America’s Military, and, most recently, Scales on War: the Future of America’s Military at Risk. He was the only serving officer to have written books subsequently selected for inclusion in the official reading lists of three services; Certain Victory for the Army, Firepower for the Marine Corps and Yellow Smoke for the Navy. Congressman Ike Skelton, former Chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, has included Yellow Smoke in his National Security Book List sponsored by National Defense University. The New York Times, Atlantic and Foreign Affairs have reviewed his work, The Iraq War: a Military History, written with Williamson Murray very favorably. His work, U S Policy in Iraq and Afghanistan, published in 2012 and edited with Dr. Seyom Brown, anticipates today’s headlines with remarkable prescience. He is a frequent consultant with the senior leadership of every service in the Department of Defense as well as Congress and many allied militaries. He has testified fifteen times before the Senate and House Armed Services Committees as well as the Foreign Relations and Environment and Public Works Committees of the Senate. He was honored to be the twentieth Nimitz Memorial Lecturer in 2004. In 2010 he was appointed as a member of the Congressional Quadrennial Defense Review. He is an Adjunct Scholar with the Modern Military Institute at West Point. He has been senior military analyst for The BBC, National Public Radio and Fox News Network. Currently he is under contract for NBC Universal. He has written for and been frequently quoted in Foreign Affairs, The New York Times, The New York Post, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, The Washington Times, The Baltimore Sun, Time Magazine, National Review, National Interest, The Atlantic, Newsweek, Roll Call among many others. Scales latest work, Scales on War: America’s Military at Risk is a template for Secretary Mattis’ Close Combat Lethality Task Force. The CCLTF is a DoD wide initiative to reform America’s Close Combat ground forces. Secretary Mattis has appointed Dr. Scales Chairman of the Advisory Board for this effort. He wears the Army’s Ranger Tab and Senior Parachutist’s Badge. He is a graduate of West Point and earned his PhD in history from Duke University.