Ezra F. Vogel is a student of both modern Japan and China. Professor Vogel succeeded John Fairbank as second Director (1972-1977) of Harvard’s East Asian Research Center and second Chairman of the Council for East Asian Studies (1977-1980). He was Director of the Program on U.S.-Japan Relations at the Center for International Affairs (1980-1987) and, since 1987, Honorary Director. In 1993 he took a two-year leave of absence, serving as National Intelligence Officer for East Asia at the National Intelligence Council. He returned to Harvard in September 1995 to direct the Fairbank Center until 1999 and was head of the Asia Center from 1997 to 1999. He taught courses on communist Chinese society, Japanese society, and industrial East Asia. The Japanese edition of Professor Vogel’s book Japan as Number One: Lessons for America (1979) remains the all-time best-seller in Japan of non-fiction by a Western author.