Special Reports

Special Reports provide in-depth analysis on a particular topic or issue and provide policy recommendations.

The East Mediterranean and Regional Security: A Transatlantic Trialogue

Download The East Mediterranean and Regional Security: A Transatlantic Trialogue here. Preface Turkey has been a military ally of the ...

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Competing Power Schemes over Libya and the Challenge for Europe

This report is part of The Eastern Mediterranean and Regional Security: A Transatlantic Trialogue series. In May 2020, French Foreign ...

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Iraq in Transition: Competing Actors and Complicated Politics

The Republic of Iraq has faced considerable challenges after the American-led invasion in 2003 to oust Saddam Hussein, ranging from insurgency to endemic corruption and poor government services. Baghdad has emerged as the epicenter of a broader geopolitical struggle...

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Continuity and Change in Iraq’s Sunni Politics: Sunni Arab Political Trends, Factions, and Personalities Since 2014

The year 2014 was a horrible one for Iraq. The national election held in April was preceded by two ominous trends: an increasingly strong, armed insurgency from the Sunni Arab population and an increasingly sharp sectarian conflict within the...

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Why Turkey Intervened in Libya

Through a historical analysis of Turkey’s military intervention in Libya, this essay identifies the various motivations, reasonings, and threat perceptions underlying Ankara’s current Libya strategy. ...

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The Siege Mentality: How Fear of Migration Explains the EU’s Approach to Libya

This report is part of The Eastern Mediterranean and Regional Security: A Transatlantic Trialogue series. Download The Siege Mentality: How ...

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Economic Interests, Political Conflicts, and External Interferences: The Complex Interlocking of the Libyan Crisis

In the last days of September 2020, Libya’s oil industry seemed to be on the verge of restarting its production after Gen. Khalifa Haftar announced the reopening of the oil fields and terminals that he had occupied and closed...

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Is the Atlantic Pact Sinking in the Deep Eastern Mediterranean?

The transatlantic alliance has periodically experienced deep divisions and diplomatic crises. The current situation in the Eastern Mediterranean seems to add one more such episode to its tumultuous history. Ever since the discovery of offshore hydrocarbons off the coast...

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A Plan to End the War in Syria: Competing with Russia in the Levant

The United States has an interest in allowing the Russian Federation to “win” an outright victory in Syria, so long as it secures from Moscow an agreement that is favorable to the Syrian Kurds, builds in negative consequences for...

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Beyond Energy: The Geopolitical Determinants of Turkey’s Mediterranean Policy

The Eastern Mediterranean has recently emerged as one of the hottest conflict zones in the world. It has everything one would need for a nail-biting thriller: energy reserves, international companies, reckless leaders, and battleships trying to outmaneuver each other...

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