Special Reports

Special Reports provide in-depth analysis on a particular topic or issue and provide policy recommendations.

Understanding Russia’s Cyber Strategy

The Russian Federation’s willingness to engage in offensive cyber operations has caused enormous harm, including massive financial losses, interruptions to the operation of critical infrastructure, and disruptions of crucial software supply chains. The variety and frequency of these operations,...

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Russia’s Nuclear Activity in 2020: A Show of Strength Despite COVID-19

Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Russian Federation's powerful nuclear arsenal has stood as a cornerstone of its political and military influence. In 2020, despite the COVID-19 pandemic and related restrictions, Russia's strategic nuclear forces maintained a...

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Instability and Interrelated Conflict: Evolving Security Dynamics in the Middle East

    The Foreign Policy Research Institute and the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung Syria/Iraq office convened a two-day virtual dialogue that brought together experts and policymakers from the United States, European Union, and Middle East to discuss developments in the region. A...

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Re-Thinking Assumptions for a 21st Century Middle East

American policy in the Middle East is based on outdated assumptions. It is time for U.S. policymakers to cease their old ways of thinking and take a fresh look at the region to determine how new realities might demand...

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Cooperation, Competition, and Compartmentalization: Russian-Turkish Relations and Their Implications for the West

  Executive Summary The relationship between the Russian Federation and Republic of Turkey is one of the most important bilateral relationships in Eurasia today. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s (NATO) original adversary and one of its earliest members have...

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How Rising Great Power Tensions Will Affect Central Asia

The recent escalation in diplomatic tensions between the U.S., EU, China, and Russia is an unwelcome development for Central Asia. With the recent complicated visit to Moscow by the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and...

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Chinese Business in Central Asia: How Crony Capitalism is Eroding Justice

China’s economic influence in Central Asia has gained a new character after President Xi Jinping came to power. In almost all economic activities there is a growing Chinese presence, and these actors range from large multinational firms to small...

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Labs over Fabs: How the U.S. Should Invest in the Future of Semiconductors

Executive Summary  The U.S. semiconductor industry faces an existential competitive threat. China’s efforts to catch up and eventually overtake the U.S. in semiconductor technology is not only an economic challenge—it is also a security threat. The Trump administration’s decision...

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Emerging Forms of Pax Sinica in Tajikistan and Cambodia

In recent years, Tajikistan has made a habit of parading its new Chinese weapons systems. With perennial concerns over the stability of its southern border with Afghanistan, Tajikistan is reliant on external powers for its security. In many ways,...

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Russia’s Permanent War against Georgia

As the Biden administration works to develop its strategy to counter the Russian Federation, it is useful to reexamine traditional features of Russian foreign policy. Moscow has developed its own particular approach to strategy as the Kremlin continues its...

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