Chen Shui-bian is president of the Republic of China on Taiwan. Chairman of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), his election in May 2000 was a milestone in Taiwanese politics; he became the first president of the Republic of China not from the former ruling party, the Kuomintang. In the summer of 2002, Chen’s comments about Taiwan and China ignited considerable controversy in the long-running conflict over the island’s status. FPRI president Harvey Sicherman put the following questions to Mr. Chen in the hopes of clarifying his positions on this and other topics. Taken together, the questions and answers offer a comprehensive view of President Chen’s ideas on cross-Strait relations, the connection with the United States, and Taiwan’s future.