Combating Terrorism, counterinsurgency, psychological warfare, information operations, strategic communications
Andrew Garfield was formerly a Senior Fellow in FPRI’s Program on National Security. A U.S citizen since 2010, served as a British military then senior civilian intelligence officer, finishing his U.K. government service as a policy advisor in the UK Ministry of Defense (MOD). As a policy advisor his three briefs included Information Operations (IO) and Asymmetric Warfare. His professional specializations include Combating Terrorism (CT), Counter Insurgency (COIN), Psychological Warfare (PSYOP), Information Operations (IO) and Strategic Communications (SC). In 1995, he became the first Information Warfare (IW) staff officer within the UK Defence Intelligence Staff (DIS) and was part of the British interdepartmental team that oversaw the introduction of Command and Control Warfare (C2W) and then IW doctrine and capabilities in the UK. In 2006, he led a DIS study that recommended and implemented new capabilities and organizational structures within the DIS to understand, protect and exploit emerging threats and operations related to Information Warfare, later renamed Information Operations (IO) by the UK, in line with developments in the United States, which Mr Garfield personally studied and was granted access to. During this period until 2001, he was also a regular lecturer at the UK’s 15 PSYOP group, teaching emerging IW/IO concepts.
Since emigrating to the U.S. in 2004, he has worked exclusively for US clients including the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), U.S. Army, and more recently the Department of State (DoS). He lectures extensively for the U.S. Army, through the Naval Post Graduate School sponsored Leadership Development and Education for sustained Peace (LDESP) pre-deployment cultural education program. This is a three-day graduate level program provided to deploying Brigade, Division and Corps Commanders and their Staffs. In this capacity, from 2005 to 2012, he has taught two modules on “Winning the War of Ideas” and “Exploitation of the Human Terrain” to the commanders and staffs of almost every Army and National Guard brigade, division and corps that has deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan since 2005, as well as multiple supporting formations and specialist units. From 2003 until 2010 he also taught a module on Information Operations and Counter Terrorism as part of the PSYOP Officers course held at Fort Bragg NC.
Between 2005 and 2006, he was head of operations for a U.S. Strategic Communications company providing direct IO and public relations support to Multi National Corp Iraq (MNC-I). This included the development, testing, production and dissemination of broadcast and print media products and the management of a nation wide near real time Electronic News Gathering (ENG) capability. In 2006, he developed and implemented an advanced ENG capability that was adopted by MNC-I.
In late 2006, Mr Garfield founded Glevum Associates LLC a company that specializes in conducting Face-to-Face Research and Analysis (F2RA) in conflict and post conflict societies. Since its inception, Glevum has supported numerous U.S. Government and military clients providing actionable and vital political, security and quality of life information on local populations including in Iraq (550,000 interviews to date) and Afghanistan (250,000 interviews to date). Clients for the F2RA service have included MNC-I in Iraq and ISAF in Afghanistan and the US Embassies in both countries. Mr Garfield’s company continues to be a leading provider of Measurement of Effectiveness and Evaluation and Monitoring services for the Department of State in both Iraq and Afghanistan.
For FPRI Mr. Garfield produced two significant and widely read and downloaded studies. One of US Army performance in Iraq (Succeeding in Phase IV) and the other on the Afghan National Police (Reforming the Afghan National Police). He is a resident of Rockport, Massachusetts and is married with two children.