Syria

The Jihad Legacy of World War I

Known as a pious Muslim, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi said in 2015 that it is most difficult to change religious rhetoric and how people use their faith. The outcomes will take many years: “Radical misconceptions were...

Read more »

Reciprocity and Coercion: Ending the Downturn in U.S.-Iran Relations

Just days after the United States struck Iranian-linked targets in Syria, militia members fired a volley of rockets at Ain Al-Asad air base. The U.S. strike was conducted in response to an attack on Balad airbase in Iraq on...

Read more »

Jihadist Groups in Sub-Saharan Africa: Assessing the Threat

As the Biden administration surveys the litany of foreign policy challenges that exist—Iran, China, Russia, and North Korea, to name a few—counterterrorism in sub-Saharan Africa likely falls outside of its top priorities. Throughout the Trump administration, there were high-level...

Read more »

Talking to Russia: A Plan for Syria

President Joseph Biden has clearly signaled that his administration will deprioritize the post-9/11 focus on the Middle East and, instead, devote diplomatic energy and finite defense dollars to priorities in Asia and Europe. The focus on America’s peer competitors—the...

Read more »

Trends in Terrorism: What’s on the Horizon in 2021?

The year 2020 was unprecedented in many ways. Just three days into the year, U.S. President Donald Trump ordered the assassination of Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Quds Force (IRGC-QF) commander Qasem Soleimani. That news was soon eclipsed by the...

Read more »

A Plan to End the War in Syria: Competing with Russia in the Levant

The United States has an interest in allowing the Russian Federation to “win” an outright victory in Syria, so long as it secures from Moscow an agreement that is favorable to the Syrian Kurds, builds in negative consequences for...

Read more »

Russian Naval Forces in the Syrian War

This report is a part of FPRI’s edited volume Russia’s War in Syria: Assessing Russian Military Capabilities and Lessons Learned. Since the late 2000s, the Russian Federation has expanded its naval footprint in the Eastern Mediterranean, and even resurrected...

Read more »

Russian Aerial Operations in the Syrian War

This report is a part of FPRI’s edited volume Russia’s War in Syria: Assessing Russian Military Capabilities and Lessons Learned. Introduction Before the start of the military intervention in Syria in 2015, even top Russian generals were uncertain what...

Read more »

Syria and the Russian Armed Forces: An Evaluation of Moscow’s Military Strategy and Operational Performance

This report is a part of FPRI’s edited volume Russia’s War in Syria: Assessing Russian Military Capabilities and Lessons Learned. Introduction The Russian Federation’s intervention in Syria has been a qualified success from the Kremlin’s perspective, and certainly from...

Read more »

The Russian Way of War: Threat Perception and Approaches to Counterterrorism

This report is a part of FPRI’s edited volume Russia’s War in Syria: Assessing Russian Military Capabilities and Lessons Learned. Introduction From the moment Vladimir Putin officially took the reins of power in 2000, he focused on the promotion...

Read more »