The Philadelphia Papers

The Philadelphia Papers

The Philadelphia Papers is a series of long-form essays devoted to illuminating the foreign policy and national security issues of the day.  With expert analysis from FPRI’s global network of scholars, the Philadelphia Papers will seek to bring the best of scholarship to bear on issues of policy import.

Islamists and Autocrats: What the Next Administration Needs to Know about Egypt

September 19, 2016 · Aaron Rock-Singer

Usually we think of Egypt's political future as a contest between secular autocrats, on the one hand, and Islamists, on the other. In doing so, we misapprehend both the autocrats and the Islamists, and Dr. Rock-Singer explains how—and ...

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Foresight into 21st Century Conflict: End of the Greatest Illusion?

September 19, 2016 · Frank G. Hoffman

The number of conflicts is again on the rise as both states and violent actors contend for influence and seek to establish their position. Contrary to optimistic depictions of the present international system, there are powers seeking to alter ...

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Great War at Sea: Remembering the Battle of Jutland

May 27, 2016 · John H. Maurer

This year marks the hundredth anniversary of the largest sea fight of the First World War, a clash between the main fleets of Germany and Great Britain that took place on the afternoon and evening of 31 May 1916 ...

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Parliament without Politics: The Effort to Consolidate Authoritarian Rule

August 12, 2015 · Ann M. Lesch

Introduction General Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi, Egypt’s ruler since July 2013, brooks no dissent. Having “saved” Egypt from the Muslim Brothers, he has ruled by decree in the absence of a parliament, supported by a handpicked technocratic cabinet. His security apparatus ...

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Where the Lions Are — Gazprom’s “Energetic Pliers” and Aspirations of a Eurasian Archipelago: The Geopolitics of Russia’s Networked Energy Infrastructure

August 6, 2015 · John R. Haines

“I sit on a man’s back, choking him, and making him carry me, and yet assure myself and others that I am very sorry for him and wish to ease his lot by any means possible, except getting off ...

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The Evolution of the Executive and Executive Power in the American Republic

November 26, 2014 · Mackubin Thomas Owens, Stephen F. Knott

THE MODERN REPUBLIC AND THE BIRTH OF EXECUTIVE POWER As Americans, we take for granted the idea of a government that is both free and yet strong enough to preserve the security of its citizens. But the fact is ...

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The Inseparable Twins: Diaspora Shishan and Chechen Muwaḥḥidun & Jihadis in al-Sham

November 10, 2014 · John R. Haines

Ethnic Chechens play a critical if underappreciated role in the conflict now raging in al-Sham. They include the descendants of late 19th century Diaspora Shishan — the Arabic transliteration of “Chechens” — long settled in the region; and more ...

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The Gulf Cooperation Council’s Unified Military Command

October 8, 2014 · Brahim Saidy

INTRODUCTION The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), which brings together the countries of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates, took an unprecedented step during its 34th Summit (held in Kuwait City on December 10-11 2013) ...

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The Perfect Storm Ahead? An Exploration of the Risk of Nuclear Terrorism

March 25, 2014 · John R. Haines

“Today, the elements of a perfect storm are in place around the world:  an ample supply of weapons-usable nuclear materials, an expansion of the technical know-how to build a crude nuclear bomb, and the determination of terrorists to do ...

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William Penn, Benjamin Franklin, and the American Founding: The Philadelphia Factor

December 20, 2013 · Walter A. McDougall

. . . Given all these contingencies it would appear that the birth of a United States of America was a fluke. And yet the historical narrative also suggests that what made that glorious fluke possible was the location, ...

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