Frank G. Hoffman
Dr. Hoffman is serving at the National Defense University as a Distinguished Research Fellow with the Institute for National Strategic Studies. He formerly directed the NDU Press operations which includes the journals Joint Force Quarterly and PRISM. From August of 2009 to June 2011, he served in the Department of the Navy as a senior executive as the Senior Director, Naval Capabilities and Readiness. He started at National Defense University in 2011 and became a Distinguished Research Fellow in December 2016. He holds a Ph.D. in War Studies from King’s College London.
Born and raised in Philadelphia, Mr. Hoffman began his public service career when he was commissioned out of the NROTC program at the University of Pennsylvania where he graduated as the Distinguished Military Graduate and was commissioned a 2ndLt, USMC. From 1978-1983, after graduating both the Basic School and Infantry Officer Course as an honor graduate, he served in a variety of line and staff positions in the Second and Third Marine Divisions. In between tours in the Fleet Marine Force, he was the Adjutant, Company Commander and Head Tactics Instructor at the School of Infantry at Camp Lejeune.
In 1983 he was assigned to the then Requirements and Programs Division at HQMC. Frank served as a Defense Systems Analyst, Force Structure analyst and Supervisory Resource Analyst at Headquarters Marine Corps until 1991. During this time he was responsible for Marine force structure and manpower studies and analyses. In his tours in R&P, he served as editor of the Marine Corps annual document Concepts & Issues.
In 1992 Frank transferred to Quantico, where he served as a program analyst for the Training and Education Command. Here he was responsible for successfully introducing ground simulators into the Marine Corps. After graduating from the Naval War College with highest distinction in 1994 he transferred to the Studies and Analysis Division at Quantico as their historical analyst, and represented the Marine Corps on the Defense Science Board and at the Commission on Roles and Missions in 1995.
Up to 1998, Frank continued to serve at Quantico as the national security analyst and Director of the Marine Strategic Studies Group. As a Marine Reservist he also worked at the HQMC Strategic Initiatives Group at the same time. In 1999 Frank was named to the National Security Study Group which was the professional staff supporting the U.S. National Security Commission for the 21st Century. There at the Hart-Rudman Commission Frank was responsible for crafting the Commission’s future security assessment, military strategy, and homeland security recommendations which eventually were implemented with the creation of the Department of Homeland Security.
That appointment was concluded in 2001, and Frank returned to work at Quantico as a strategic planner and concept developer for the Marine Corps Warfighting Lab. He served as a Research Fellow at the Center for Emerging Threats and Opportunities, where he was responsible for leading and conducting assessments and developing concept papers on future threats and emerging opportunities. While at Quantico, Frank authored numerous Marine concepts on distributed operations, urban ops, and hybrid threats, as well as contributing to the Marine Corps newest vision and strategy, and penning chapters to the Army/Marine Corps COIN doctrine. While at Quantico he worked with Joint Forces Command and our British, Australian and Israeli partners on alternative futures, concepts, and a number of wargames and experimentation activities.
He retired from the Marine Corps Reserve in the summer of 2001 at the grade of Lieutenant Colonel.
In addition to his formal duties, he has lectured extensively at institutions here in the United States, the Middle East and Europe. He has authored one book (Decisive Force; The New American Way of War, Praeger, 1996), over 100 essays and articles, and frequently contributes to Orbis, Joint Force Quarterly, the Journal of Strategic Studies, Parameters, the Naval Institute Proceedings and Marine Corps Gazette.
- Traps or Gaps? Rising Powers and Declining Order - Orbis -
- Assessing Baltic Sea Regional Maritime Security - The Philadelphia Papers -
- Making NATO Less “Obsolete” - E-Notes -
- President Trump’s Defense Budget: Just a Down Payment - E-Notes -
- The Sinews of Peace Revised - E-Notes -
- Shaping the 21st Century Military - Orbis -
- A Presidential Strategy Board: Enabling Strategic Competence - E-Notes -
- Implications of Emerging Chinese Surveillance and Strike Complexes - E-Notes -
- Foresight into 21st Century Conflict: End of the Greatest Illusion? - E-Books, The Philadelphia Papers -
- The Consistent Incoherence of Grand Strategy - War on the Rocks -
- The American Professional Military Ethic: Ephemeral and Unenforceable? - E-Notes -
- Force Planning Considerations for the Force of the Future - E-Notes -
- Avoiding Strategic Inertia: Enabling the National Security Council - Orbis -
- Defense Reform Redux - E-Notes -
- Storm Surge? The Tides of War Roll Back In - The Modern War Institute -
- Friendly Fire: The Risks and Rewards of Red Teaming - War on the Rocks -
- Black Swans and Pink Flamingos: Five Principles for Force Design - War on the Rocks -
- Is the World Getting Safer — or Not? - E-Notes -
- Grand Strategy: The Fundamental Considerations - Orbis -
- The Real ‘Forever War’ - Orbis -
- To Drone or Not to Drone - E-Notes -
- Defense Reorganization Under Sequestration: A Speech by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on December 1, 2016 - E-Notes -
- Forward Partnership: A Sustainable American Strategy - Orbis -
- USMC 237: Austerity, Adaptation, and Innovation - E-Notes -
- The 2012 Presidential Election Campaign: Toward a Defensible Defense Budget - E-Notes -
- The Marine Mask of War - E-Notes -
- Re-Assessing the American Way of War - Orbis -
- America’s Wars: What American Students Need to Know - E-Books -
- The Marines: 235 Years of Individual Valor and Institutional Adaptation - E-Notes -
- ‘Hybrid Threats’: Neither Omnipotent Nor Unbeatable - Orbis -
- Towards a Balanced and Sustainable Defense - E-Notes -
- Towards a Balanced and Sustainable Defense - Orbis -
- The Anatomy of the Long War’s Failings - FootNotes -
- Dereliction of Duty Redux?: Post-Iraq American Civil-Military Relations - Orbis -
- In These Pages Spring 2008 - Orbis -
- Dereliction of Duty Redux? - E-Notes -
- The Marines: Premier Expeditionary Warriors - E-Notes -
- A Strategic Rationale for Land Force Expansion - E-Notes -
- Assessing the Long War - E-Notes -
- A New Maritime Strategy: Navigating Uncertain Waters - E-Notes -
- Changing Tires on the Fly: The Marines and Postconflict Stability Ops - E-Notes -
- Lessons from Lebanon: Hezbollah and Hybrid Wars - E-Notes -
- Complex Irregular Warfare: The Next Revolution in Military Affairs - Orbis -
- The New Normalcy - E-Notes -
- Complex Irregular Warfare - E-Notes -
- The Guard and Reserve in America’s New Missions - Orbis -
- The Future of the Guard and Reserve: Roles, Missions and Force Structure - E-Notes -