Home / Articles / Useful Knowledge: Snouck Hurgronje and Islamic Insurgency in Aceh (Revised)
Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje (1858-1936), a Dutch scholar of Islam, served as a “military anthropologist” during the Aceh war in the Dutch East Indies. The Acehnese fighters viewed their anti-colonial struggle against the Dutch as a jihad, construing themselves religious martyrs fighting “infidel invaders,” and carrying out suicide attacks with a machete or dagger. To combat this insurgency Snouck Hurgronje, one of the first Westerners to visit Mecca and author of many books on Islam, developed the so-called “Aceh method,” which became the basis of modern Dutch counterinsurgency strategy. This article addresses the question: what can we learn from the life and times of Snouck Hurgronje?
Editor’s Note: Due to a production error, an unapproved version of this article appeared in our Fall 2018 issue. We regret this oversight and now publish Dr. McFate’s approved article.