Baltic Sea

“Go with the Devil You Don’t Know”? Latvians Still Believe in Economic Cooperation with China

While COVID-19 has disrupted China's image in some European countries, the novel coronavirus pandemic has not undermined the perception of China as an economic powerhouse in Latvia. In a Europe-wide study mapping national public opinion on China in the...

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The Belarus Crisis through the Eyes of its Baltic and Nordic Neighbors

Thirty years ago, the collapse of the Soviet Union opened the door for three Baltic states to step on the pathway to independence, democracy and prosperity. But the door did not open by itself. Restoration of independence was achieved,...

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The Implementation of the Women, Peace, and Security Agenda in Latvia: Room for Improvement?

Most discussions on Baltic Sea regional security focus on NATO, Russia, or pipelines, while forgetting social factors within the countries that make them less secure. In fact, research suggests that gender equality is actually a better indicator of a...

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Estonia’s Outgoing Government Leaves Damaged Security Legacy 

In the early hours of Jan. 13, 2021, Estonia’s coalition government consisting of the Center Party, the Conservative People’s Party of Estonia (EKRE) and Isamaa unexpectedly collapsed when Prime Minister Jüri Ratas (Center) tendered his resignation to President Kersti...

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US-Baltic Defense Cooperation in the Transition from Trump to Biden

Joe Biden, defeating the incumbent Donald Trump, won the US presidential election and will be inaugurated as the 46th US ...

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Nord Stream 2: Germany’s Faustian Bargain with Gazprom and Why it Matters for the Baltics

Since the poisoning of Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny in late August and his subsequent rehabilitation in a Berlin hospital, ...

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For Biden, Four Points on the Baltic Agenda

“We mean what we say. We have never reneged on any commitment we have made. Our sacred honor is at ...

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Russian Encroachment in the Baltics: The Role of Russian Media and Military

Sowing discontent and disruption is a tactic that the West has accustomed itself to when dealing with the Kremlin. The Baltic states are in a unique position in the face of these threats. Estonia and Latvia, specifically, have significant...

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Democracy Versus Nation Branding in Estonia

For years, the international attention paid to the “tiny Baltic nation” of Estonia was overwhelmingly positive. After pulling itself out of the doldrums of their Soviet past, Estonia embarked on a new direction, emphasizing open markets, liberal democracy, technological...

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Riga: A New Beginning

On Aug. 29, 2020, Riga held snap municipal elections. The results deeply rocked the political landscape of the Latvian capital. Harmony, the leading Latvian Russian-speakers party, which has run the city since 2009, lost its top position to the...

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