This study describes and analyzes the varieties of educational experiences of Japanese from infancy through to old age. It also compares and contrasts these experiences with those of Americans. It is an integration of the major findings of American and Japanese scholars of education, the author’s own research, and the reactions of American scholars. Each chapter contains both general information and illustrative case studies. It examines not only the formal education systems but also the roles of the family, the adult kendo or English conversation club, workplace on-the-job training, and senior citizens organizations providing another perspective on the subject.