Eurasia

Geopolitics, Sanctions, and Russian Sovereign Debt Since the Annexation of Crimea

This report illustrates how the Russian Federation’s sovereign debt, particularly foreign currency bonds, have become an arena for interstate competition in the aftermath of Russia’s 2014 annexation of Crimea. Sanctions, both real and threatened, on Russia’s government, state-owned enterprises,...

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Turmoil in Georgia

On June 20, protests objecting to a delegation visit by members of the Russian Duma broke out in Tbilisi, Georgia’s capital. The Russian delegation took place under the auspices of the inter-parliamentary Orthodox forum hosted by the Georgian Dream...

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Georgia and Azerbaijan’s David Gareja Monastery Conundrum

The breakup of the Soviet Union brought freedom, independence, and sovereignty to its member republics without clearly demarcating their borders. The non-demarcated boundaries created numerous conflicts and points of contention in countries across the South Caucasus. The origins of...

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Mirziyoyev’s Uzbekistan: Democratization or Authoritarian Upgrading?

Uzbekistan is undergoing a remarkable transformation. After decades of repression and isolation under President Islam Karimov, who died in 2016, the government of Shavkat Mirziyoyev has embarked on a series of reforms to soften repression, create a freer market...

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Perceptions of Russian Interference in U.S. Elections Matter as Much as the Actual Involvement

Special Counsel Robert S. Mueller’s 448-page report on Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election revealed insights into Donald Trump’s campaign, uncovered 10 possible instances of obstruction of justice, and provided plenty of material for late-night comedians. The report...

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Hope from a Century Past: The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, the First Parliamentary Republic of the Muslim World

In the waning years of the 20th century, the global triumph of liberal democracy appeared to some of America’s leading thinkers to be, if not exactly imminent, foreordained. After first vanquishing Nazism, Italian fascism, and Japanese militarism in the...

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Volodymyr Zelensky: Ukraine’s Servant of the People?

In the first scene of Ukrainian President-elect Volodymyr Zelensky’s hit sitcom Servant of the People, three faceless oligarchs stand above Kyiv’s Maidan Square one week before the presidential election. They agree to stop competing with one another to buy...

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Latvia’s ‘Harmony’ in Jeopardy

On April 4, shortly before midnight, the Latvian government announced its decision to remove Nils Ušakovs, the longtime mayor of Riga from his position. According to Minister for Environmental Protection and Regional Development Juris Pūce of the liberal Development/For!...

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Anatomy of a Muddle: U.S. Sanctions against Rusal and Oleg Deripaska

Download Anatomy of a Muddle: U.S. Sanctions against Rusal and Oleg Deripaska Executive Summary The purpose of The Countering America’s ...

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Lithuania’s Presidential Election: Same Policy Wine in New Bottles?

In the Baltics, the first half of 2019 is election time: for Estonia, it’s a new parliament, for Latvia and Lithuania, it’s new presidents; and then all three countries will vote for their new representatives to the European Parliament....

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