Eurasia

“The M.P. for Russia”: Olga Novikova, William Gladstone, and the Crisis of 1878

Abstract: In 1878, the United Kingdom and Russia stood on the brink of war, as they clashed over the Straits of Bosporus, the balance of power in the Balkans, and the intersection of their empires on the Afghan frontier....

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Russia’s Pivot to Asia: Between Rhetoric and Substance

Over the last 20 years, the Russian Federation has voiced repeatedly the willingness to embrace its Asian potential. Harnessing the economic prowess of the Asia-Pacific for the development of Siberia and the Russian Far East was the underlying motivation...

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What Does Putin Promise Russians? Russia’s Authoritarian Social Policy

In his 20 years in power, Vladimir Putin has employed a savvy use of social policy to bolster his popularity, but it is a set of policies not well designed to address Russia's chronic under-provision of healthcare, education, and...

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Gazprom and Russian Natural Gas Policy in the First Two Decades of the 21st Century

What role does natural gas play in Russian foreign policy and domestic politics? This article takes an in-depth look at the last two decades of Russian gas policy as a period of change and as a challenge to Gazprom's...

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Russia and Central Asia: Putin’s Most Stable Region?

Central Asian-Russian relations have proven remarkably stable over Vladimir Putin's 20 years in power. This is the case even amid the rise of the People's Republic of China, the war in Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan's revolutions, Kazakhstan's development, and power transitions...

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The Role of the Military in Russian Politics and Foreign Policy Over the Past 20 Years

The Vladimir Putin regime has framed the Russian national idea in terms of security and militarization, both domestically and internationally. This unifying vision emerged as a reaction against the 1990s and blended together a cultivation of militant and anti-Western patriotism,...

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Meet the New Boss, Same as the Old Boss: Putin ‘Changes’ the Constitution

Vladimir Putin's March 2020 amendments to the Russian Federation constitution address some of the risks posed by the lack of a formal mechanism for presidential succession by fostering the creation of a smaller ruling coalition with a commensurately keener...

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Guest Editors’ Corner Summer 2020

Welcome to the special summer issue of Orbis, dedicated to examining the consequences of 20 years of Vladimir Putin's time in power as the Russian Federation's ruler. May 2020 marked the two-decade anniversary of Putin's ascension to power as the leader...

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“Engaged Opportunism”: Russia’s Role in the Horn of Africa

After spending nearly three decades as a marginal player in the Horn of Africa, the Russian Federation has made significant progress towards recapturing its great power status in the region. Russia has engaged with all countries in the Horn...

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Political Upheaval in Belarus? Lukashenko Scrambles to Keep Power

Belarusian strongman Aleksandr Lukashenko is in trouble. The self-proclaimed father of Belarus, often called the last dictator in Europe, is facing the first real challenge to his presidency since he came to power 26 years ago. He’s been in...

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