National Security

Competing Power Schemes over Libya and the Challenge for Europe

This report is part of The Eastern Mediterranean and Regional Security: A Transatlantic Trialogue series. In May 2020, French Foreign ...

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No Exit: The Illusion of Leaving Afghanistan

For the youngest U.S. soldiers, America is about apple pie, Abe Lincoln, and Afghanistan. They have never known a United States that wasn’t at war in Central Asia. Since the invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, America has spent hundreds...

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Compromise or Double Down: U.S.-Turkey Relations after CAATSA Sanctions

On December 14, the Trump administration sanctioned Turkey’s Presidency of Defense Industry (SSB), along with key individuals involved in the purchase of the Russian-made S-400 air and missile defense system....

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Measuring Soft Power

“But does it work?” is a simple, seemingly straightforward question that, unfortunately, is not asked (or answered) nearly enough in the foreign policy space. This may be because policymakers either do not know how to answer the query or...

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Why Turkey Intervened in Libya

Through a historical analysis of Turkey’s military intervention in Libya, this essay identifies the various motivations, reasonings, and threat perceptions underlying Ankara’s current Libya strategy. ...

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The Siege Mentality: How Fear of Migration Explains the EU’s Approach to Libya

This report is part of The Eastern Mediterranean and Regional Security: A Transatlantic Trialogue series. Download The Siege Mentality: How ...

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Religion, Identity, and Politics in the 21st Century

When I was writing my book on religion and conflict in Africa and Middle East, I thought my conclusions and the direction that my thinking was taking was quite heretical. For so many years, you would have read and...

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Economic Interests, Political Conflicts, and External Interferences: The Complex Interlocking of the Libyan Crisis

In the last days of September 2020, Libya’s oil industry seemed to be on the verge of restarting its production after Gen. Khalifa Haftar announced the reopening of the oil fields and terminals that he had occupied and closed...

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China’s 5G Challenge to the U.S. is for … the Future

The United States risks falling behind the People’s Republic of China in the development and deployment of next generation technologies. Beijing has launched the world’s first quantum science satellite. It also is now poised to overtake Americans as the...

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Russia Now has a Position in Libya. What Next?

The Russian state-affiliated private military company known as the Wagner Group has proven adept at leveraging instability or weak institutions to further Russian influence abroad. Throughout 2020, the Russian Federation and Wagner have worked to support and enable Khalifa...

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