Publications

Baltic Sea Mining as an Extension of the Russian Gray Zone

Editor’s note: Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and renewed interest on the part of both Finland and Sweden to consider formal membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization has brought new scrutiny to security threats in the Baltic Sea basin....

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Quo Vadis Europe? The “Russian Question”

Abstract This article revisits the key factors that have reshaped European security to serve as a baseline for framing two distinct paths that will determine the continent’s security architecture in the coming decades. At the center of this discussion...

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Appraising the War in Ukraine and Likely Outcomes

After six weeks of combat, where is the Russo-Ukrainian War going? Modern technology both facilitates and hampers the answer to that question. Every day, this war is evaluated from every angle and perspective, but modern technology provides only a...

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Securing and Protecting Bosnia Amidst Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine

The Russian Federation’s invasion of Ukraine has renewed worries that the country will use its proxies in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) to open a second front against the West in the Western Balkans. Michal Baranowski, director of the German...

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Lukashenka’s Fatal Mistake

Translation by Griffin Perrault  The Belorussian ambassador was recently kicked out of Ukraine. Lukashenka has fully surrendered to Putin – his country’s debt is in the red – and he will not receive one cent more from Moscow until...

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Serbia on the Edge

  Executive Summary The time has come to openly regard the Republic of Serbia for what it is: A stalwart Russian and Chinese ally run by a semi-authoritarian government that proactively pursues ideologically irredentist territorial expansion in the Western...

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Fear, Solidarity, and Calls for Further Action in the Baltics as Russia Invades Ukraine

For Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, the Russian invasion of Ukraine is all too familiar. All three Baltic countries were occupied in 1940 by the legal predecessor of the Russian Federation and were forced to live almost half a century...

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Latvia’s First Response to Russia’s War in Ukraine

The shock wave of the Russian attack against Ukraine is sensed worldwide, yet the closer one stands to the epicenter of tragedy, the stronger one feels the trembling of the ground. Riga, the capital of Latvia, is situated less...

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The Significance of the Turkish Straits to the Russian Navy

Four days into the Russian Federation’s invasion of Ukraine on February 27, 2022, Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu declared that the operation in question was a “war.” He explained to CNN Türk, “Under these conditions, we will apply the...

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Russia’s Long Shadow and the Future of Europe

The following is a transcript of FPRI’s event with Nikolas Gvosdev, Valbona Zeneli, and Andreas Umland, held on February 24, 2022.  Nick Gvosdev: Articles that appear in the current issue of Orbis, which we started to plan last year,...

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