• browse by:


Felix K. Chang

At the Double: Poland’s Military Expansion

January 13, 2022

Poland’s defense budget, currently over two percent of the country’s GDP, is apparently set to grow further. In October 2021, Polish Deputy Prime Minister Jarosław Kaczyński announced that his government intended to raise defense spending to “significantly higher” levels....

Read more »
Aaron Stein

Turkey’s Response to the Russia-Ukraine Crisis

January 12, 2022

Introduction  On October 26, 2021, Ukraine’s Ministry of Defense released video of a TB2 unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV) striking a separatist D-30 howitzer in Russian-occupied Donbas. The strike was Ukraine’s first confirmed use of the now ubiquitous TB2,...

Read more »
Duncan Randall

Syrian Thaw? Arab Normalization with Damascus Ahead of the Arab League Summit

January 12, 2022

As Arab states prepare to reconvene this March for the 37th Arab League Summit in Algiers, one topic looms large over the agenda: the readmission of Bashar al-Assad’s Syria, expelled in 2011. An increasing number of regional players have...

Read more »
Paul J. Saunders

A Return to Coherence?

January 11, 2022

Orbis Issue revisited: Spring 2021 (65:2), “Challenges Facing the Biden Administration The Biden Administration has not yet clearly operationalized the concept of a foreign policy for the middle class. No small share of its values-driven foreign policy rhetoric focuses...

Read more »
Hannah Bases

U.S.-China Sustainable Infrastructure Collaborative Opportunities: Green Partnerships Must Begin in Africa

January 10, 2022

Implementing sustainable farming practices and infrastructure development in Africa has been an ongoing challenge. Foreign resource extraction operations on the continent offer exchanges of raw materials for capital and critical infrastructure development. These infrastructure projects are crucial for cooperative...

Read more »
Maximilian Hess

Kazakhstan’s System Malfunctions

January 7, 2022

It may be a cliché, but Kazakhstan’s ongoing dramatic crisis recalls one of Lenin’s most famous quotes, “There are decades where nothing happens; and there are weeks where decades happen.” Kazakhstan has for many years seen neither political change...

Read more »
Jacques deLisle

A Tale of Two Elections: Lessons from the Very Different Trajectories of Democracy in Taiwan and Hong Kong in December 2021

January 6, 2022

Two elections, both postponed for months by authorities citing the difficulties and dangers of voting during the COVID-19 pandemic, were held along China’s periphery in December.  In Hong Kong, elections for the Special Administrative Region’s (SAR) legislature, originally scheduled...

Read more »
Anton Louthan

A ‘Bright Path’ Forward or a Grim Dead End? The Political Impact of the Belt and Road Initiative in Kazakhstan

January 6, 2022

  Executive Summary This report assesses the political impact of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in Kazakhstan. Specifically, it examines whether and how the People’s Republic of China can pursue a strategy of economic statecraft to further its...

Read more »
Charles A. Ray

Some Thoughts on ‘A Foreign Policy for the Middle-Class’

January 5, 2022

 Orbis issue revisited: Spring 2021 (65:2), “Challenges Facing the Biden Administration” After serving as a diplomat for thirty years I am always a bit skeptical about catch phrases to describe the practice of diplomacy. A foreign policy for the...

Read more »
Eoin Micheál McNamara

Afghanistan Was a Turbulent NATO Proving Ground for the Baltic States

December 20, 2021

It is sometimes said that when Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania joined NATO in 2004 each still harbored some lingering regret that they were not joining the NATO of 1949 — an alliance with a resolute and single-track focus to deter...

Read more »